Global technological advancements are entering a transformative phase with the emergence of Artificial Intelligence (AI), which presents both unprecedented opportunities and challenges. Different approaches reflecting different ideological and strategic orientations have emerged as major world powers struggle to fully utilise AI. China takes a state-first stance, using AI to advance its state security and ideological alignment.1 Examples of this include the establishment of a social credit system and the widespread use of predictive policing.

Maisha card, which will bear Maisha Namba, will essentially be a 3rd generation ID that will replace the current 2nd generation ID. Maisha Namba will serve as a unique personal identification number assigned to Kenyan citi- zens upon registration, typically at birth